lowercase d


Some relevant links:

Traditional Direct Democracy


Related Efforts

NYS Drafting Resources



Other stuff we’ve been reading (in addition to case law and choice articles posted here):

Ardia, David S. “Government Speech and Online Forums: First Amendment Limitations on Facilitating and Moderating Public Discourse on Government Websites.” Brigham Young University Law Review, Vol. 2010, No.6 (2010), pp. 1981-2044.

Benjamin, Gerald. “The Mandatory Constitutional Convention Question Referendum: the New York Experience in National Context.” Chap. 5 in State Constitutions for the Twenty-first Century: The Politics of State Constitutional Reform. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2006.

Bliss, William D.P. The New Encyclopedia of Social Reform. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1908.

Bowler, Shaun, Todd Donovan, and Jeffrey A. Karp. “When Might Institutions Change? Elite Support for Direct Democracy in Three Nations.” Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 55, No. 4. (Dec., 2002), pp. 731-754.

Bulman-Pozen, Jessica and Miriam Seifter. "The Democracy Principle in State Constitutions." Michigan Law Review, Vol. 119. (2021), pp. 859-932.

Dahl, Robert A. Democracy and its Critics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989.

Davies, Todd and Seeta Peña Gangadharan, eds. Online Deliberation: Design Research, and Practice. Stanford: CSLI Publications, 2009.

Dewey, John. The Public and its Problems. New York: Holt, 1927.

Gerber, Elizabeth R. The Populist Paradox: Interest Group Influence and the Promise of Direct Legislation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Gerber, Elisabeth R. Stealing the Initiative: How State Government Responds to Direct Democracy. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001.

Habermas, Jurgen. Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy. Trans. William Rehg. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996. (German original: 1992)

Hasen, Richard L. “Election Reform: Past, Present, and Future" in Oxford Handbook of American Election Law, Eugene Mazo, ed. 2023.

Hoar, Roger Sherman. Constitutional Conventions: Their Nature, Powers, and Limitations. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1917.

Noveck, Beth Simone. “Designing Deliberative Democracy in Cyberspace: The Role of the Cyber-Lawyer,” Journal of Science and Technology Law, Vol. 9, Winter 2003

Saco, Diana. Cybering Democracy: Public Space and the Internet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Schmidt, David D. Citizen Lawmakers: the Ballot Initiative Revolution. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.

Shane, Peter M., ed. Democracy Online: The Prospects for Political Renewal Through the Internet. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Smith, Daniel A. and Caroline J. Tolbert. Educated by Initiative: the Effects of Direct Democracy on Citizens and Political Organizations in the American States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004.

Tarr, G. Alan and Robert F. Williams, eds. State Constitutions for the Twenty-First Century, Volume 1: The Politics of State Constitutional Reform. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005.

United States Senate. Voter Initiative Constitutional Amendment: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 95th Congress, 1st Session, on S.J. Res. 67, December 13th and 14th. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

Voelkel et al. Megastudy identifying successful interventions to strengthen Americans' democratic attitudes. Strengthening Democracy Challenge, Stanford University, 2022